Dermatology is defined as the branch of medical science that pertains to the diagnosis and treatment of all kinds of skin diseases. Any ailment that adversely affects the skin falls in the dermatology spectrum. In some cases, qualified personnel treat the hair and skin related concerns of their patients as well. Dermatology is considered a specialty and is comprised of both medical and surgical aspects.
A dermatologist in Southlake, TX is a physician who is trained to assess and treat both children and adults who suffer from either a benign or malignant form of skin disorder. Quite often, dermatologists are tasked with tackling issues of the hair, nails and adjacent mucous membranes as well.
Typically, consulting a dermatologist in Southlake, TX will consist of ailments like acne, psoriasis, eczema, warts and mole observation. We will take a closer look at frequent maladies that a dermatologist in Southlake, TX may be faced with.
Acne is a temporary albeit aggravating skin condition that predominantly affects youngsters. In fact, acne is the most common skin disease in the United States and is known to be a concern for teenagers in particular. Conventional acne manifests itself in the form of pimples. These usually germinate on the face and neck area of individuals and affect their appearance. It is not just teens who find acne an annoyance. There have been growing instances in America of adults also contracting acne.
The actual cause of acne is the obstruction of hair follicles and oil i.e. sebaceous glands of the skin. Acne may be triggered when the body experiences hormonal changes, which explains why acne often transpires when kids undergo puberty, which occurs when they reach double figures. A bout of acne requires a visit to a dermatologist in Southlake, TX.
For the uninitiated, acne is not just confined to the pimples that are evident on the face, but also includes blackheads, cysts and nodules that are conspicuous with the passage of time. Those who are unlucky have acne on other parts of their body as well, such as their back and chest region. In this case, a dermatologist in Southlake, TX should be contacted immediately. Treating the advent of acne is essential since it can lead to permanent marks on the body if left unchecked.
The second skin disease we will consider that may require the expertise of a dermatologist in Southlake, TX is a permanent condition called eczema. Also called atopic dermatitis, eczema generally impacts children. Although the precise causes of eczema are still relatively unknown, scientists attribute it to a combination of genetics, environmental effects and the potency of the patient’s immune system as well.
Furthermore, like acne, eczema can become palpable on the face, particularly in infants. Otherwise, the affliction appears on the hands and feet of the individuals it affects. The condition results in extraordinarily dry, scaly and itchy skin. These factors are considered normal when eczema happens. Those who do not exhibit restraint and scratch the affected areas suffer as a result, since the skin becomes denser.
Steroids may be utilized in order to assuage the disturbance caused by eczema. Besides atopic dermatitis, other forms of eczema include contact dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis. These are effectively advanced stages of the condition and require prompt consultation with a dermatologist in Southlake, TX.
In recent years, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Dupixent, an injection devised for the treatment of mild and severe cases of eczema, specifically meant for patients who have undergone conventional treatment but it made no discernible difference to their health.
The third type of skin disorder that a dermatologist in Southlake, TX will encounter is called hives. These are raised, red and itchy areas that affect the skin. The usual causes of hives consist of medication, food and in extreme cases, bug bites too. In particular, if bright red spots begin to appear on the skin, it is strongly advised to call a doctor or dermatologist in Southlake, TX and seek urgent treatment.
Thankfully, hives are frequently short lived and subside in a matter of hours. Their transient nature means seeing health care personnel may not be mandatory in some cases as well. However, if individuals notice that they last longer, then they must proceed carefully, since there are plenty of cases where hives persist for months and possibly years as well. This specific condition is called chronic urticaria.
The best course of action when it comes to tackling hives is to avoid the trigger, which may take different forms and shapes. If and when that is not a realistic possibility, then medication such as OTC antihistamines (loratadine and fexofenadine) may be administered. These drugs help control the itching sensation in patients.
Yet another common skin disease is called rosacea. It is known as the chronic swelling of the face. Symptoms include redness, blood vessels that appear more prominent and the manifestation of pimples as well.
Rosacea is generally found in women aged 30 and above, although men are not always safe from this particular condition. Causes of rosacea include issues that affect the immune system and the veins as well. Also, the environment patients inhabit may also play a role in the development of rosacea and will require immediately seeing a dermatologist in Southlake, TX.
Moreover, based on the indications that the patient shows, there are a number of viable treatments that can be followed. Examples include a pharmaceutical drug called metronidazole cream, which is an antibiotic. Other treatments include oral doxycycline and azelaic acid gel (finacea), both of which must be applied to the affected area and can lead to the inflamed pimples dissipating. In case antibiotics don’t do the trick, doctors recommend using a drug called isotretinoin, beta blockers and estrogen as well.
Make your appointment today with the experts in skincare at Compassion Dermatology.